Remembering the Legacy: 2 October Gandhi Jayanti


2nd October is observed as Gandhi Jayanti in India to commemorate the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the nation. This day is not just a public holiday, but a day of reflection on the principles and values that Gandhi stood for. It is an occasion to remember his legacy of non-violence, truth, and civil disobedience which played a significant role in India’s struggle for independence.

Importance of Gandhi Jayanti

Gandhi Jayanti holds immense importance in India and across the world due to the values and principles that Mahatma Gandhi lived by. Here are some reasons why this day is celebrated with such reverence:

1. Tribute to Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhi Jayanti is a day to pay homage to the great leader who guided India to independence with his principles of non-violence and Satyagraha.

2. Promoting Non-Violence

By celebrating Gandhi Jayanti, the message of non-violence and peace is propagated, emphasizing the power of ahimsa in resolving conflicts.

3. Commemorating Indian Independence

2nd October reminds Indians of the struggles and sacrifices made during the freedom movement under Gandhi’s leadership.

4. Inspiring Future Generations

The teachings of Mahatma Gandhi continue to inspire people worldwide, especially the youth, to uphold truth, justice, and equality.

The Legacy of Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi, known as the ‘Father of the Nation’ in India, was an iconic leader who inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. His legacy is characterized by several key principles and philosophies:

1. Non-Violence (Ahimsa)

Gandhi’s principle of non-violence was at the core of his philosophy. He believed that true courage lay in non-violent resistance to oppression.

2. Truth (Satya)

For Gandhi, truth was the foundation of his beliefs. He emphasized the importance of living a truthful life in thought, word, and deed.

3. Civil Disobedience (Satyagraha)

Gandhi’s concept of Satyagraha involved non-violent resistance to unjust laws and policies, highlighting the power of passive resistance.

4. Swadeshi Movement

Gandhi promoted the use of indigenous goods and products to support local economies and reduce dependence on foreign imports.

5. Simple Living

Gandhi led a simple life, advocating for self-sufficiency and minimalism to reduce one’s impact on the environment.

6. Equality

Gandhi fought against discrimination based on caste, creed, or gender, emphasizing equality and social justice for all.

Celebrating Gandhi Jayanti

Gandhi Jayanti is observed in various ways across India and around the world to honor the life and achievements of Mahatma Gandhi. Some of the common ways in which this day is celebrated include:

1. Prayer Meetings

People gather at Gandhi’s memorials and statues to offer prayers and floral tributes in remembrance of the leader.

2. Kirtans and Bhajans

Devotional songs and hymns are sung in praise of Gandhi’s teachings and his contributions to the nation.

3. Public Functions and Seminars

Seminars, workshops, and public talks are organized to discuss Gandhi’s philosophy and its relevance in the modern world.

4. Cleanliness Drives

In honor of Gandhi’s emphasis on cleanliness, various cleanliness drives and Swachh Bharat campaigns are conducted on this day.

5. Cultural Programs

Schools, colleges, and cultural organizations host programs showcasing Gandhian values through plays, skits, and exhibitions.

6. Peace Marches

Peace marches and rallies are organized to promote non-violence and communal harmony, reflecting Gandhi’s ideals.

Gandhi Jayanti Quotes

Mahatma Gandhi’s words continue to inspire and motivate people to strive for a better world. Here are some memorable quotes by Gandhi:

  • “Be the change that you wish to see in the world.”
  • “The best way to find yourself is to lose yourself in the service of others.”
  • “An eye for an eye only ends up making the whole world blind.”
  • “The future depends on what you do today.”
  • “In a gentle way, you can shake the world.”

Gandhi Jayanti Activities for Kids

For children, Gandhi Jayanti can be a learning opportunity to understand the values of peace, non-violence, and equality. Some activities that can be organized for kids on this day include:

1. Craft Workshops

Kids can engage in craft activities like making spinning wheels (Charkha) or creating posters with Gandhi’s quotes.

2. Role Plays

Organizing role plays of key events from Gandhi’s life can help kids learn about his struggles and principles in an interactive way.

3. Essay Competitions

Encouraging children to write essays on Mahatma Gandhi and his teachings can enhance their knowledge and appreciation for his contributions.

4. Drawing Competitions

Themed drawing competitions focusing on non-violence, truth, or Gandhian philosophy can allow kids to express their creativity.

5. Plantation Drives

Inculcating the value of environmental conservation, kids can participate in tree plantation drives as a tribute to Gandhi’s love for nature.


1. What is the significance of Gandhi Jayanti?

Gandhi Jayanti holds importance as a day to honor the legacy of Mahatma Gandhi and his contributions to India’s independence and principles of non-violence.

2. How is Gandhi Jayanti celebrated in India?

In India, Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated through prayer meetings, cleanliness drives, cultural programs, seminars, and peace marches to reflect on Gandhi’s teachings.

3. Why is Mahatma Gandhi known as the ‘Father of the Nation’?

Mahatma Gandhi is referred to as the ‘Father of the Nation’ in India due to his pivotal role in leading the country to independence through non-violent struggles.

4. What are some famous quotes by Mahatma Gandhi?

Memorable quotes by Gandhi include “Be the change you wish to see in the world” and “The future depends on what you do today,” emphasizing action and responsibility.

5. How can children celebrate Gandhi Jayanti?

Children can celebrate Gandhi Jayanti through craft workshops, role plays, essay competitions, drawing competitions, and participation in plantation drives to learn about Gandhian values.

6. What are some key principles of Mahatma Gandhi?

Mahatma Gandhi’s key principles include non-violence (Ahimsa), truth (Satya), civil disobedience (Satyagraha), simplicity, equality, and promotion of Swadeshi goods.

7. How did Gandhi’s philosophy of non-violence influence the world?

Gandhi’s philosophy of non-violence inspired civil rights movements worldwide, including those led by Martin Luther King Jr. and Nelson Mandela, promoting peaceful resistance and social change.

8. Why is Gandhi Jayanti celebrated as the International Day of Non-Violence?

Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated as the International Day of Non-Violence to recognize Gandhi’s role in advocating for peace, non-violence, and human rights globally.

9. What can individuals do to follow Gandhi’s teachings in their daily lives?

Individuals can follow Gandhi’s teachings by practicing non-violence, promoting truth and justice, living simply, resisting injustice peacefully, and working towards equality and social harmony.

10. How does Mahatma Gandhi’s legacy continue to inspire people today?

Mahatma Gandhi’s legacy continues to inspire people by promoting the values of peace, non-violence, truth, equality, and social justice, encouraging individuals to be the change they wish to see in the world.

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